Child: Any person under the age of 18 years.

Child sexual abuse material (CSAM): visually depicts a child or person appearing to be a child engaged in sexually explicit conduct, and can be exchanged, shared and sold online. It can refer to pictures, videos, digitally created material, deepfake material or screenshots of live-streamed abuse.

Grooming: happens when a person intentionally starts and establishes a relationship with a child for the purpose of facilitating sexual contact between them.

Sexual violence against children: encompasses both sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children and can be used as an umbrella term to refer jointly to these phenomena, both with regard to acts of commission and omission and associated to physical and psychological violence.

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